Acts 2

Acts 2

OBJECTIVES IN STUDYING THIS CHAPTER
First each and every Christian needs to carefully consider the events and the surrounding the outpouring of the Spirit on the day of Pentecost
Second we need to examine Peter’s first gospel message or sermon, and the evidence presented in it for the resurrection of Jesus Christ
The third is to observe or consider the response of Peter’s message or sermon, of how the people responded, and what people were told to do in order to be saved
The fourth is to note the establishment and characteristics of the prophetic word spoken to them that we know as the church in Jerusalem on the Day of Pentecost

OTHER OBJECTIVES FOR STUDY
The Ministries which began in Acts 2
The birth of the Church Acts 2:1-47
The power of Pentecost: Acts 2:1-13
The power for the ministry: Acts 2:1-13
The results of Pentecost: Acts 2:37-47
Peter at Pentecost: Acts 2:14-40
Activities of the first local church: Acts 2:41-47

THE OUTPOURING OF THE SPIRIT: Acts 2:1-4

ON THE DAY OF PENTECOST: Acts 2:1
A Jewish holiday, also known as the Feast of Weeks and Feast of Harvest, one of three
great annual festivals: consider these references with this time of festivals Leviticus 23:15-22; Exodus 23:14-18; 34:22
Fifty days after the Passover Sabbath, i.e., Sunday
They, most likely the apostles Acts 1:11,26; 2:7,14, were gathered in one place

WITH AUDIBLE AND VISUAL SIGNS: Acts 2:2-3
A sound from heaven
As of a rushing mighty wind
Filling the house where they were sitting
Divided tongues
As of fire
One upon each one of them

FILLED WITH THE HOLY SPIRIT: Acts 2:4
Speaking with other tongues, other than a known languages: Acts 2:8,11
As the Spirit gave them utterance

THE REACTION OF THE CROWD: Acts 2:5-13

CONFUSED AND AMAZED: Acts 2:5-11
The crowd made up of devout Jews visiting from other nations
The effect of what they heard
Drew the multitude together
Confused them, for everyone heard them speaking in their own language
Amazed and marveled them, for those speaking were Galileans
Yet were hearing languages of the countries of their birth
Parthians, Medes, Elamites, dwellers in Mesopotamia
Judea, Cappadocia, Pontus, Asia, Phrygia, Pamphylia
Egypt, Libya, Cyrene, Rome
Both Jews and proselytes, Cretans and Arabs
Hearing in their languages the wonderful works of God

TWO RESPONSES: Acts 2:12-13
One of serious questioning: “Whatever could this mean?”
One of mockery: “They are full of new wine.”

THE EXPLANATION BY PETER: Acts 2:14-21

THEY WERE NOT DRUNK: Acts 2:14-15
Standing up with the eleven, Peter addresses the crowd
It was too early in the day (“third hour”, i.e., 9 a.m.) for them to be drunk

THE FULFILLMENT OF JOEL’S PROPHECY: Acts 2:16-21
The events were those prophesied by Joel: Joel 2:28-32
Which foretold of the outpouring of the Spirit of God
In the last days on all flesh
Leading sons and daughters to prophesy, young men to see visions, and old men to dream dreams
With signs and wonders in heaven above and earth beneath before the coming of the great and awesome day of the Lord
With salvation to those who call upon the name of the Lord

THE SERMON BY PETER AT PENTECOST: Acts 2:22-36

PROPOSITION: GOD RAISED JESUS FROM THE DEAD: Acts 2:22-24
Jesus, a man attested to by miracles, signs and wonders
Done by God in their midst
Which they themselves knew
Jesus, crucified and put to death
According to the determined purpose and foreknowledge of God
Which they did by lawless hands
Jesus, whom God raised from the dead
Having loosed the pains of death
For it was not possible that He should be held by it

EVIDENCE: THREEFOLD TESTIMONY: Acts 2:25-35
The testimony of David
For David prophesied of Jesus: consider also Psalm 16:8-11
David could not be speaking of himself
For he was dead and buried
With his tomb for all to see
But spoke as a prophet
He knew that God had sworn with an oath that one of his descendants would be raised to sit on his throne
He therefore spoke of the resurrection of Christ, whose soul was not left in Hades nor did His flesh see corruption
The testimony of the apostles
They were witnesses
That God raised Jesus
The testimony of the Spirit’s outpouring
Jesus poured forth what they saw and heard
Having been exalted to the right hand of God
Having received from the Father the promise of the Holy Spirit
For David did not ascend into the heavens, but prophesied of the Lord: consider also Psalm 110:1
Who would sit at God’s right hand
Until His enemies became His footstool: consider also 1 Corinthians 15:25-26

CONCLUSION: JESUS IS LORD AND CHRIST: Acts 2:36
All the house of Israel were to “know assuredly” (i.e., believe with all their hearts)
That God made Jesus, whom they crucified, both Lord and Christ

THE CONVERSION OF 3000 SOULS: Acts 2:37-41

THE RESPONSE OF THE LISTENERS: Acts 2:37
They were cut to the heart
They said to Peter and the rest of the apostles, “Men and brethren, what shall we do?”

THE REPLY BY PETER: Acts 2:38-39
Two commands
Repent
Let every one of you be baptized in the name of Jesus Christ
Two promises
For the remissions of sins
You shall receive the gift of the Holy Spirit
The extent of the promise
To them and their children
To all who afar off, as many as the Lord will call

THE RESULTS RECORDED BY LUKE: Acts 2:40-41
After Peter with many other words testified and exhorted them: “Be saved from this
perverse generation”
Those who gladly receive his word were baptized
That day about 3000 were added: Acts 2:47

THE BEGINNING OF THE CHURCH: Acts 2:42-47

THEIR STEADFASTNESS AND REVERENCE: Acts 2:42-43
They continued steadfastly in:
The apostles’ doctrine and fellowship
The breaking of bread and prayers

Fear came upon every soul, and many wonders and signs were done through the apostles

THEIR CHARITY AND GROWTH: Acts 2:44-47
Those who believed were together and had all things in common
Those with possessions and goods sold them
Dividing them among all according to their need

They continued daily with one accord in the temple
Breaking bread from house to house, eating with gladness and simplicity of heart
Praising God and having favor with all the people
The Lord added to the church daily those who were being saved